Periodontics is the branch of dentistry where the dentist diagnoses and treats gum disease. There are two major gum diseases, namely gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis can be considered the starting stage of gum disease, whereas periodontitis is the advanced stage as it has more severe symptoms.
What are the causes of gum disease?
Gum disease is most often caused due to microbial deposits in the mouth, especially near the gum line. These deposits can be seen as dark patches that are hard to get rid of, and we call them tartar or calculus. The microbes in tartar release harmful toxins when they feed on the food residues in the mouth, which can erode the enamel to cause cavities. They also decay the nearby soft gum tissues to cause gum disease. Some of the other causes are external injury to the gums, root canal infection, etc.
What are the symptoms?
- Redness and inflammation of the gums
- Pain and discomfort, especially while brushing the teeth, chewing food, etc.
- Discharge of pus
- The decay of the soft tissues
- Receding gum line, exposing the tooth roots
- Jawbone deterioration
- Loosening of teeth from the jawbone
How do we treat gum disease?
Removal of tartar: We will remove the adhered tartar deposits from the teeth and tooth roots using ultrasonic scaling. We use a scaling device that has a vibrating metal tip made from stainless steel to remove the microbial accumulation. Further, the removed residues will be washed away from the mouth using a jet of water.
Removal of decayed soft tissues: The infected gum tissues will be removed by means of laser therapy. During this, we will use a highly powerful beam of laser to vaporize the tissues and seal the wound instantly, which eliminates the need for sutures or a long healing period.
Medication: Suitable medication will be suggested by the dentist to treat the infection. It may be in the form of oral pills that you could consume or surface applicants that are ideally placed in the deep gum pockets.
Gum graft: A gum graft would be required to replenish the volume of the gums in the case of a receding gum line. The dentist would extract tissues from a healthy part of the mouth, such as the palate, and graft them to the receded area of the gum line. After a suitable healing period, the newly grafted tissues would fuse with the existing ones and replenish the ideal gum volume.
You may schedule a consultation with our team of dental experts by calling us at (623) 846-0329 or reaching us through an online query. We’re always happy to help.